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  • ENDOMETRIAL CANCER

    What is it?

    • Endometrial cancer is a cancer of the uterus that originates in the inner lining of the uterine hollow i.e. the Endometrium.
    • Sometimes, it is also referred to as Uterine Cancer.
    • Uterine Sarcoma is a much rarer occurrence than Endometrial Cancer

    Symptoms

    Symptoms of endometrial cancer include

    • Vaginal bleeding even after the patient has crossed menopause
    • Abnormal bleeding during the menstrual cycle
    • Watery discharge from the vagina
    • Pain in the pelvic region

    Causes

    • The cause of endometrial cancer is yet unknown, however it is believed that some factors create a genetic mutation in the endometrial cells
    • This causes the abnormal cells to grow and proliferate out of control, forming a tumor mass

    Risk Factors

    • Hormonal imbalance in the female body
    • Early menses or late menopause
    • Never having a pregnancy
    • Age
    • Obesity

    There is a possibility of the cancer spreading to other organs in the body, resulting in further complications.

    Diagnosis

    Endometrial cancer is diagnosed using the following techniques

    • Pelvic examination
    • Using sound imaging techniques
    • Performing biopsies

    Treatment

    Treatment for Endometrial cancer is mostly done in combinations of two or more of the following methods

    • Hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus)
    • In some cases, the surgeon may also perform a Salpingo-oophorectomy (surgical removal of the ovaries and Fallopian tubes)
    • Radiation therapy (using focused high energy radiations to destroy the cancerous cells in the endometrium)
    • Hormone therapy (using female sex hormones to facilitate the ejection of the cancerous cells)
    • Chemotherapy (using chemicals to kill the cancerous cells without harming any healthy tissue)

    Effects

    • Having a hysterectomy means the patient cannot be pregnant anymore
    • Also, it is a matter of psychological recovery, to recover from any cancer

    Post Surgery

    • The patient is advised complete rest for sufficient period, accompanied with rehabilitation
    • Cancer can be emotionally disturbing to anyone, and hence, it is important for the woman to have good emotional support after coming through the treatment
    • Extreme physical activities should be avoided till full recovery

    Our Doctor

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    Our Doctor

    Dr. Niraj Mahajan

    MD- Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Uro-gynecologist , Infertility specialist & Cosmetic Gynecologist.

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