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  • GYNEC ONCOLOGY

    Gynec oncology is the field which deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of recurrence of cancer of the pelvic reproductive organs.The different types of cancer of pelvic organs are

    • Cervical Cancer
    • Endometrical cancer
    • Fallopian tube cancer
    • Ovarian Cancer
    • Peritoneal Cancer
    • Vaginal cancer
    • Vulvar cancer

    The cancer are often benign i.e. have very little or no chance of spreading to the other organs, but can be malignant tumors in some rare cases.In either case, it is important to treat it as soon as possible, to either destroy or at least prevent the proliferation of the tumor.

    Effects of Gynecological Cancer

    The most common effect of this cancer is infertility.In case of a malignant tumor, there is a risk of the cancer proliferating to other organs in the body.

    Symptoms

    • Abnormal bleeding or discharge from the vagina
    • Severe pain in the lower abdomen
    • Infertility
    • Irregular menstrual cycle

    Diagnosis

    • Using imaging techniques such as MRI, CT scans, X-rays, etc.
    • Performing biopsies (taking sample of the tissue to check for any cancerous growth)

    Cervical Cancer

    This condition affects the cells in the cervix, and is caused by the Human Papillomavirus.It usually spreads through sexual contact with infected person.The cancer is diagnosed through Pap Smear test, in which the doctor scrapes a sample of the cervical cells and tests for any abnormalities.The condition may be treated using a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, or in severe cases, a Hysterectomy.

    Endometrial Cancer

    It is a cancer of the endometrial lining inside the uterus, and is usually less harmful. A Uterine sarcoma is a much rarer and more severe occurrence.The causes of this cancer are not pinpointed as yet, but it is suspected to be a result of genetic mutation.Treatments for this cancer include radiation and chemotherapy, though hormonal therapy is used more frequently.In this treatment, female sex hormones are used to induce shedding of the endometrial lining as happens during the menstrual cycle.

    Fallopian Tube Cancer

    This cancer affects the Fallopian tubes.The Fallopian tubes are pathways that carry the female egg cell from the ovary to the uterus.A cancer of this part causes a blockage in the tubes, which reduces the chances of the egg cell reaching the uterus and thereby fertilizing, rendering the woman infertile.Treatment may include chemotherapy and radiation therapy, or in severe cases, a surgical removal of the Ovaries and Fallopian tubes.

    Ovarian Cancer

    This cancer affects one or both the ovaries, thereby affecting their ability to produce the egg cells, and hence affect the fertility of the patient.Treatment procedures include chemotherapy and radiation therapy. In severe cases, an Oophorectomy (surgical removal of the ovaries) is performed.

    Peritoneal Cancer

    It is a rare form of cancer that affects the inner lining of the abdomen (not to be confused with abdominal, intestinal or ovarian cancer).The causes are unknown, though it is suggested that genetic mutation may be a potential factor.Treatment procedures include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or in some cases, surgery. Surgery involves removal of one or more pelvic organs, like the uterus, Fallopian tube, ovaries.

    Vaginal and Vulvar Cancer

    This cancer affects the vagina and the vulva, and the tumor may be benign or malignant, with a tendency to spread to the other pelvic organs.Treatments of this cancer include chemotherapy, radiation therapy and sometimes surgical removal of the tumor growth.

    Our Doctor

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    Our Doctor

    Dr. Niraj Mahajan

    MD- Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Uro-gynecologist , Infertility specialist & Cosmetic Gynecologist.

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